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Business Communication Solutions is a telecommunication & networking company providing Business Phone Systems & Networking Solutions to Austin, & Metro Surrounding Areas. We specialize in sales, installation and service of top brand phone systems. Our networking specialist can install, configure and service your network hardware.
Business Communication Solutions specialize in the design and installation of voice and data cabling networks. Our goal is to provide our clients with excellent affordable service they can rely on. Give us a call, let us help you save!
Cabling is the core of any telephone and computing systems within your office. Voice and data cabling encompasses the Internet access, computers, telephone systems, voice mail and other aspects of your communications and computing systems. Please call us to assist you in designing, implementing and deploying of a cabling system that meets your needs.
Cabling systems are categorized by the levels of data they are able to sustain. Category 3, commonly referred to as Cat-3, is an unshielded twisted pair (UTP).
Category 5 (Cat-5) cable is also a twisted pair cable used for carrying signals. Cat-5 is used in structured cabling for networks such as Ethernet, telephony and video.
Short for Category 5 Enhanced, Cat-5e network cabling is used as a cabling infrastructure for 10BASE-T (Ethernet), full duplex 100BASE-TX (Fast Ethernet) and 1000BASE-T (Gigabit Ethernet, or GbE) networks.
Fiber optics is a particularly popular technology for local-area networks. In addition, telephone companies are steadily replacing traditional telephone lines with fiber optic cables. In the future, almost all communications will employ fiber optics.
Coaxial cabling is the primary type of cabling used by the cable television industry and is also widely used for computer networks, such as Ethernet.
Short for Category 6, Cat-6 network cabling is used as the cabling infrastructure for 10BASE-T (Ethernet), 100BASE-TX (Fast Ethernet), 1000BASE-T (Gigabit Ethernet, or GbE) and 10GBASE-T (10-Gigabit Ethernet, or 10 GbE) networks.
Cabling systems are categorized by the levels of data they are able to sustain. Category
3, commonly referred to as Cat-3, is an unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable designed
to carry a maximum data rate of 10Mbit/s and bandwidth of 16MHz. It is part of a
copper cabling family and is recognized by its defining standard, TIA/EIA-568-B.
Cat-3 was a very popular format in the early 1990’s, but has since been replaced in favor of the higher performance Cat-5 cable standard. For the last decade, most new cable installations have been built with Cat-5e or Cat-6. Category 3 is still being used for two-line telephone systems and unlike Cat-4, 5/5e and 6 it is still recognized by the TIA/EIA-568-B standard.
While Cat-3 and Cat-5e look identical, Cat-3’s lower specifications tend to cause more errors at higher speeds. Cat-3 is compatible with the original PoE (Power over Ethernet) specifications, though it does not support 802.3at Type 2 high-power variation. Cat-5e is certified for a maximum of 100 MHz, while Cat-3 is only rated for 16 MHz. Category 3 was designed for voice and data transmissions up to 10 Mbit/s, but also runs Ethernet 10BASE-T.
Category 5 (Cat-5) cable is also a twisted pair cable used for carrying signals. Cat-5 is used in structured cabling for networks such as Ethernet, telephony and video. Most Category 5 cables are unshielded and rely on twist pair design for noise rejection. Cat-5 cable has been superseded by Category 5e (Cat-5e), which is an enhanced version of Cat-5. Category-5e has formally been recognized as the standard since 2001.
Cat-5e is the most common cable for data networks. Category 5e is defined as the
TIA/EIA-568-B standard with clarification in TBS-95. The specified performance and
test requirements are for frequencies up to 100MHz. Cat-5e offers twisted pair cables
in two main varieties, solid and stranded. Solid cable will support longer length
runs and operates best in fixed wiring configurations. Stranded cable is more pliable
and better suited for shorter distance moveable cabling. Cat-5e can be bent at any
radius that exceeds four times the diameter of the cable. Most Category 5e cables
are connected using 8P8C modular connects, commonly referred to as RJ45 inappropriately.
Cat-5e is not rated for outdoor use and operates at temperatures from -10C to 60C. If being used outdoors, a conduit is required in order to protect it from moisture and lightning. The maximum length for a cable segment is 328 feet, therefor any longer runs will require a repeater or switch.
Category 5e cabling is commonly used for faster Ethernet networks, such as 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-T. 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX Ethernet connections require two cable pairs. 1000BASE-T requires four cable pairs. Cat-5 is rated for 100M, while Cat-5e is rated for 350M.
Category 6 (Cat-6) cable is a cable standard for Gigabit Ethernet and is backward
compatible with Cat-5, Cat-5e and Cat-3 cable standards. It offers high quality transmission
of data at more than twice that of Cat-5e. Category 6 provides performance up to
250 MHz and 1000Mbit/s.
Like the other twisted pair cables, Cat-6 has four twisted wire pairs. It is the 6th generation of twisted pair Ethernet cabling and is made with 23 gauge wire. Category 6 is suitable for 10 BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, 1000BASE-T/1000BASE-TX and 10GBASE-T. Cat-6 cables are normally terminated in 8P8C modular connectors and use either T568A or T568B pin assignments.
Cat-6 connectors help reduce noise, as well as lower attenuation. Category 6 may be used for security systems and telephone services, while having superior transmission performance to the Cat-5e cable. All these features are why many consider Cat-6 cabling the predominant media in the structured cabling market.
Fiber optic cables are those which contain one or more optical fibers. They use light
pulses to transmit information down fiber lines. They are typically individually
coated with plastic layers and contained in a protective tube. Fiber optics are replacing
traditional copper lines due to their large carrying capacity and ability to transmit
signals a greater distance without the need of refreshing.
Modern fiber cables can hold up to a thousand fibers in a single cable and have potential bandwidth in the Terabytes per second range. Fiber optic cable has become cheaper over time and the cost of small fiber-count-pole-mounted cables has greatly decreased. It is estimated that no more than 1% of the optic fiber buried in recent years is actually “lit”.
While copper cable cost less per square foot, fiber optic cable has much more capacity. Connectors and other equipment needed to install fiber optics are also more expensive. The ends must be cleaved when joining lengths of optical fiber and therefor require special connectors. Fibers consist of two layers of silica glass; the core and the cladding enclosed in a protective sheath. Plastic optical fiber (POF) is a newer, plastic-based cable. POF promises performance similar to glass. POF will cost less than glass fibers but will only be used on very short runs.
An optical fiber link in a commercial network will allow the transmittal of ten billion digital bits per second; therefor telephone calls numbering in the tens of thousands could be carried. In recent years it has become apparent that fiber optics are constantly replacing copper wire as an appropriate means of communication signal transmission. They provide the backbone for many network systems, as well as span the long distances between local phone systems.
Coaxial cable, also referred to as coax, consist of an inner conductor surrounded
by a flexible, tubular layer which is then surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.
This cable is used as a transmission line for radio frequency signals and differs
from other shielded cable. Some common uses for coax cable include feedlines connecting
radio transmitters and receivers with their antennas, computer network (Internet)
connections, and distributing cable television signals.
Due to the space between the inner and outer conductors, it is able installed next to metal objects without the power losses other cables experience. Another advantage of coaxial cable is the protection it provides the signal from electromagnetic interference. Other applications of the cable include video and CATV distribution, RF and microwave transmission, and computer and instrumentation data connections. Additional properties of coaxial cable are attenuation as a function of frequency, voltage handling capability, and shield quality.
There are several different types of coaxial cable available. These types include Hard Line, Radiating, RG-6, Triaxial, Twin-Axial, Biaxial, Semi-Rigid and Rigid Line. The different design choices affect the size, frequency performance, attenuation, power handling capabilities, flexibility, strength and cost. The inner conductor may be solid or stranded, with the stranded being more flexible. Copper-plated iron or steel wire is often used as an inner conductor.
The ends of the coax cable are terminated with connectors. Coaxial connectors are designed to maintain form across the connection and have well-defined impedance just like the attached cable. These connectors are often plated with high-conductivity metals such as silver or tarnish resistant gold. Silver tends to tarnish quickly and the sulfide that is produced is a poor conductor, making silver a poor choice for certain applications.
Coaxial was first used commercially in 1941 and the first cross-continental coaxial transmission system was established in 1940. Twisted pair copper wire and optical fiber are some alternatives to coaxial cable, depending on carrier technology being used.
We offer a full consultation to discuss which types of cables are best for you, short and long term. After all, it’s free to get an estimate
Don’t wait ‘till the week before to think about it! Depending on the required system move, add or change, you may need as much as a year in advance.
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